Latin: Leander Serratus
Diet: They are omnivores- they eat pretty much anything
The Prawn has a light pink or brown body that has some reddish patterns. They can be hard to see in the rockpools as they are so well camoflagued. Females grow faster than males and lay an astonishing 50,000 to 1 million eggs!
Prawn eggs hatch after 24 hours!
Latin: Eupagurus Benhardus
Diet: Algea and debris
These soft-bodied crabs live in discarded snail or periwinkle shells and the shells of other molluscs As they grow, the crabs abandon overly snug shells in favour of a larger abode.
One empty shell can trigger a property rush - battles for the best shells have even been known to become a bit feisty!.
Three spined stickle back
Latin: Gasterosteus aculeatus
Diet: Insects, crustaceans and fish larvae
These are the classic “tiddler” of British waters. The back is greyish or bluish-green and the flanks are silvery. They have sharp spines on their backs, they can actually sport two to four spines on their backs, with three being the average. These fish are anadromous – they live in seawater but breed in freshwater or brackish water.
In the breeding season, males build an elaborate nest and develop a bright red chest to attract females.
Latin: Parablennius gattorugine
Size: 30 cm
Diet: Sea anemones or crustaceans
The Tompot Blenny is a deep brown/orange colour and has a pair of tentacles above the eyes and darker stripes along the body. This super-clever fish just loves British rock pools! If its chosen pool dries out, it is able to climb out and crawl into a better one, pulling itself along on its strong fins and breathing across its slimy skin - wowzers!
Sometimes a fish out of water can be a Blenny!
Latin: Actinia Equina
Diet: Anything it can catch – including mollusks and insects
The Beadlet Anemone can be red, brown, green or orange. It has up to 192 tentacles, arranged in six circles.
This anemone is a born survivor, it can survive extremes in
temperature and oxygen level.
Latin: Anemonia Viridis
Diet: Snails and slugs. They also feed on small fish and prawns
The Snakelock Anemone is a beautiful deep green with purple tips to it’s tentacles. Best to look, but don’t touch, as these anenomes can sting.
A sting from this little beauty can produce a very painful rash.
Latin: Asterina Gibbosa
Size: 5 cm
Diet: Algae and any organic matter
The Cushion Star gets its name from its chubby, rounded body. Its arms are so short that they often merge with its body and only their tips can be seen!
Amazingly, small or young individuals are males, but as they become older and increase in size they develop into females.
Latin: Patella Vulgata
Size: 8 cm
The limpet is greyish white and dome-shaped. Limpets can live for 15 years if they grow slowly. If there’s lots of food they grow faster but only live 2-3 years. They cling to hard surfaces and help keep algal levels under control.
It is famous for being able to survive for a long time out of water.
Latin: Littorina Littorea
Size: 2 cm
Diet: Anything organic
The Perriwinkle shell is grayish to gray-brown, often with dark spiral bands.
These get going when the lights are out being mostly active at night
Latin: Centronotus Gunnellus
Size: 20 cm
Diet: Anything from live food to vegetable matter
Silver body with vertical (often dark) bands on the sides of their body.
This fish gets its name from the fact that its skin is very slippery.